What is a colonoscopy?
A colonoscopy is a life-saving procedure for the prevention and detection of colon cancer. It also helps treat patients with diarrhea, blood in their stool, as well as various conditions of the large intestine.
How do I prepare for a colonoscopy?
Most likely, a physician will prescribe a cleanse in order to prep for your exam. You will be prescribed some sort of cleanse regardless of your diet, stool habits or frequency. Most likely, you will be also asked to refrain from eating or drinking anything other than water and light broths. This prep is essential for finding colonoscopy polyps.
What happens during a colonoscopy?
A tube-like instrument with a camera and a light at the end of it, called an endoscope, is inserted into the rectum. The endoscope then glides through the large intestine, allowing the physician to detect colonoscopy polyps.
Who needs a colonoscopy?
An individual should start screening for colon cancer at age 50. However, certain individuals who have a family history of colon polyps or other GI conditions may require screening at an earlier age. Discuss your need to have a colonoscopy and when with your gastroenterologist.
Individuals that are not at risk for colon cancer can also benefit from a colonoscopy. It is the best way to inspect the large intestine. That is why a colonoscopy can help people with various ailments or symptoms.
Keep in mind, a colonoscopy is a routine test that can be performed safely and comfortably, even at an outpatient center.