What is a Sigmoidoscopy?
A flexible sigmoidoscopy is a diagnostic procedure that a doctor uses to view the inner lining of your rectum and the lower portion of the colon.
Who Needs a Flexible Sigmoidoscopy?
A flexible sig is something doctors recommend for individuals who may suffer from certain gastrointestinal symptoms, such as abdominal pain, rectal bleeding, or unusual changes in bowel habits. It’s use may also include being a screening method to determine the risk of colon or rectal cancer.
What is the Prep for a Sigmoidoscopy?
To prepare for a flex sig, your bowel must fully cleanse. Your doctor will provide specific instructions regarding your prep. Sometimes, preparation requires an enema to empty out your rectum and lower intestine for clear viewing of the intestinal walls.
What Happens During a Flex Sig?
During the procedure, you will lie on your left side. An endoscope inserts through the rectum. As the instrument guides through the colon, your gastroenterologist inspects the lining of the colon. As the endoscope expels, another thorough evaluation will happen. In total, this procedure is usually lasts 5 to 15 minutes.
What Happens If Something is Found?
If your doctor discovers an area that requires further examination, they can collect a small sample of tissue for biopsy. It’s then sent for evaluation. If your doctor finds a colon polyp, the doctor may remove it during the same procedure.